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5 minute read

Using AI to Write Resumes: The Pros and Cons

In a rapidly evolving job market, artificial intelligence (AI) has emerged as a game-changing technology, with notable developments such as AI-powered resume-creation tools. Learn how these can assist your job search and watch out for their drawbacks.

What is AI resume writing?

AI resume writing refers to the use of AI technology to create or assist in creating job resumes.

AI-powered resume writer tools are designed to simplify and enhance the resume writing process by analysing job descriptions, suggesting relevant content, optimising keywords, and generating tailored resumes based on the user’s input and the requirements of the desired job position.

Jobseekers can use AI-powered resume builders like Resume Genius to decide on the resume format and tailor content. After selecting the preferred format, you can also use language model chatbots like Bard and ChatGPT to sharpen grammar and sentence structures.

How AI resume writing works

  1. Job matching and analysis: AI resume writing tools start by analysing the job description of the desired position, identifying the key skills, qualifications, and requirements mentioned.
  2. Input and customisation: Users add their personal information, work experience, education, skills, and other relevant details into the AI resume builder. The tool may also prompt users to provide additional information to create a more comprehensive resume.
  3. Keyword optimisation: The tool identifies essential keywords and phrases from the job description relevant to the user’s background and qualifications. These keywords are strategically incorporated into the resume to enhance its visibility and relevance to applicant tracking systems (ATS)used by employers.
  4. Content generation: Based on the user’s input and the analysis of the job description, the AI generates content for different sections of the resume, including work experience, skills, education and certifications.
  5. Tailored content: AI can tailor generated content to match the specific job requirements. It highlights the user’s skills and experiences, ensuring that the resume aligns with the needs of the employer.
  6. Format and styling: AI resume builders often offer various templates and formatting options. Users can choose one that suits their preferences and industry norms.
  7. Review and editing: Users can review the generated content and make any necessary edits to ensure accuracy and completeness, or to emphasise specific accomplishments or experiences.
  8. Cover letter generation (if available): Some AI resume builders offer cover letter generation. The AI may use similar techniques to generate a cover letter that complements the resume and addresses the job requirements.
  9. Finalisation and download: Once the user is satisfied with the generated content, they can download the resume in a format suitable for submitting to employers.

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With tools like ChatGPT and Rezi offering AI-powered assistance, jobseekers have intriguing options to streamline their job application process. While there are clear advantages to using AI in this context, there are also potential drawbacks.

Advantages of using AI for resume-writing

1. AI Draws from Experience

AI tools like ChatGPT draw from vast internet data to create a robust knowledge base. This enables them to generate content quickly and efficiently based on specific prompts.

For instance, users can input their desired job title, and the AI tool will produce a complete resume within minutes. This wealth of data-driven content surpasses what an individual could access in a short period of time.

2. Provides a starting point for inspiration

AI tools provide an excellent starting point when creating resumes, whether you are new to the job market, returning after a career break, or transitioning to a new career.

They can generate templates covering various aspects of a resume or cover letter, such as relevant technical skills, experience, and introductions. This can be a lifeline for individuals grappling with resume writing and structuring job applications effectively.

3. Saves time with the ease of formatting

AI tools help users save time and effort, especially when dealing with formatting issues. The traditional way of formatting resumes can be time-consuming and error-prone, but AI can automate this process.

For instance, AI resume builders like Resume Genius allow users to input their resume data and generate a tailored resume using that content.

Crafting a visually appealing resume that adheres to professional standards can be challenging. AI-driven tools like VisualCV offer the advantage of ensuring your documents have consistent formatting, enhancing their visual appeal.

4. Suggests relevant keywords

AI resume builders often analyse job descriptions and industry trends to identify keywords and phrases that align with the job requirements of the position you’re applying for. They even assist in optimising keyword density and placement, by analysing the distribution of keywords in the entire resume and ensuring they are appropriately dispersed throughout the document. These steps make your resume more appealing to both ATS and human recruiters.

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Disadvantages of using AI for resume-writing

1. Recruiters’ detection of AI

While AI-generated content can save you some time, recruiters and hiring managers are getting increasingly adept at detecting AI-generated resumes and cover letters. Submitting these without any differentiation could lead to rejection, particularly when multiple applicants submit identical or highly similar materials. To avoid this, job candidates should utilise plagiarism-checking tools like Copyscape to ensure their content is original.

2. Imperfections of AI

AI tools are not flawless. For example, Bard and ChatGPT acknowledge that they may provide plausible-sounding but incorrect answers. The model might also become excessively verbose or overuse specific phrases.

In contexts where concise and clear communication is crucial, like a resume or cover letter, relying solely on AI-generated content may fail to meet specific requirements.

3. Lack of human touch

AI lacks the nuance and personal touch of a human. A cover letter, for instance, is an opportunity to infuse personality and warmth, elements that are challenging for AI to replicate accurately. A personalised touch can make a significant difference in creating a connection with potential employers.

Finding the balance between AI and the human touch

While AI-powered tools offer undeniable benefits, it is crucial to strike a balance between leveraging AI and adding your unique personal touch. Here’s how you can use AI for resume writing more effectively:

  • Use AI-generated content as a source of inspiration and a starting point.
  • Review and edit AI-generated writing for spelling, grammar, repetition and inaccuracies.
  • Customise your resume and cover letter to reflect your personal experiences and aspirations.
  • Run AI-generated content through plagiarism checkers to ensure originality.
  • Keep in mind that AI is a tool, not a replacement for human creativity and authenticity.

The future of resume and cover letter writing might be intertwined with AI, but the human touch will always be the defining factor in making a lasting impression on potential employers.

This article is contributed by Michael Page.

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