45-year-old Anna Lim is an avid cook and perhaps if it had not been soup, it could well have been chicken rice that she may have gone into!
“I make an awesome Chicken Rice, chili and all and that’s what I actually wanted to do. But we started talking about trends in the West, and my sister-in-law who travels a lot also gave us the idea too about soup.”
Anna experimented with various recipes for about a year, using her colleagues at SGH to gather feedback. She then left her job and continued her soup effort out of her HDB flat. Her university pals, Andrew Chan and Benedict Leow, joined her and together they set their sights on becoming the “Starbucks of soup”. They started selling soup at a church funfair and did lunchtime deliveries to offices.
In time, armed with $250,000 and a shop at the basement of Raffles City, the first of many branches of The Soup Spoon came to be. Business was brisk.
Lessons for young entrepreneurs
The trio were young entrepreneurs within the age range of 25 to 29 years old. It soon became apparent that the food industry was a lot of hard work, long hours, and sleep deprivation. Anna recollects one time when she fell asleep at the traffic light.
“Then somebody opened the van door and actually woke me up asking if I was OK! They thought I had died from a heart attack.” There was no denying how tough it was.
A chance meeting on the escalator at Raffles City at 6am with Otto Wiebel gave her fresh ideas. Unbeknown to her, Otto was the Executive Chef at Swisshotel. He recommended a supplier for cut vegetables that would save her man-hours.
To this day, Anna continues with this supplier. The company as she says, “grew organically” as time went on. A second outlet started at United Square in Thomson Road. And then a central kitchen was set up for the 2 shops.
Diversifying sources and lessons from SARS
One and a half years into the business, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) hit Singapore. Pasir Panjang Wholesale Centre had a case of SARS – the market was shut down. Supplies had been affected because she had not diversified her sources.
But there was a silver lining – soup is healthy, takeaways were popular. And here was an opportunity to pack the soups better – the take-home Soup Packs originated from the SARS outbreak – but so, too, a loss of $100,000 as they gave up the United Square outlet.
The business plan was re-visited and an extensive market research to redefine their target audience was also done. The next prospective retail space would be at Raffles Xchange. A health-conscious, clean-eating, marathon-running crowd made up the core customer base.
Technology and selling soup regionally
Raffles Xchange outlet did well. While there was a central kitchen now, there weren’t enough outlets to do the selling. High demand meant a ringing cash register, but demand would soon exceed supply.
Anna recounts the reaction of one, “I was told off by a customer who came 3 nights in a row after work for clam chowder. He told me off saying I had no business running a business if my soups sell out by 7pm.”
Years later when speaking at a seminar and recounting this incident that led to changes — a gentleman walked up to Anna and said he was the same complaining customer from back then.
Anna values these people who have contributed to the company’s success. She took those suggestions seriously. By 2008, sales turnover hit $7.29 million.
From 2016 onwards, the trio worked on increasing the shelf life and retaining the unique selling point of their soup packs. The move to invest in a High-Pressure Processing (HPP) machine was set and Commonwealth Capital came into the picture as minority investors. A separate company known as Souperfoods was created to widen its reach to the Halal market.
These were major moves and as Anna says, “The Soup Spoon was moving from a central kitchen to full-scale manufacturing – the transition was difficult.” But there was no denying the benefits. First, there was the export to Hong Kong and then there were the franchises in Taiwan — five stores.
Today, the internationalisation efforts make up 5% of the revenue currently.
Souperfoods, internationalisation and Industry 4.0 Human Capital Initiative (IHCI)
With the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, Anna worked off the playbook for SARS. She asked herself what would happen if the factory was shut down due to an outbreak. Production was ramped up, a warehouse was sourced, and more soup was stored.
Self-help kiosks had already been rolled out in the nearly 30 outlets they had. Delivery platforms from before carried their soups so they merely ensured enough products. Six new stores were opened.
And since soup was considered healthy, during the run-up to the circuit breaker and Heightened Alert, the supermarkets and their e-store saw brisk sales.
Without hesitation, Anna says COVID-19 changed a lot of things.
“Internationalisation is something we have started with our exports first to Hong Kong and then our franchise into Taiwan. We are hoping to grow this to be 30% of our revenue in the next five years.” New markets include Vietnam, South Korea, China and the US.
The company is forging ahead also through the adoption of the Industry 4.0 (i4.0) technologies, which have been identified as one of the key enablers, to spur growth and enable manufacturing companies to develop new competitive advantages. (See FactBox below for details)
Looking at the IHCI, Anna says it was rolled out at the right time. “When the consultant comes in and scopes the work out, tapping into our data, and it then becomes a structured project with strong deliverables. It does make a difference to everyone in the company.”
The greatest takeaway for the company is how the IHCI was really more about the people and empowering them. “You can put these two together because just technology without the people will not work. And people doing things the old way also will not work. So, it is how they come together — that is the real beauty of it.”
Fact box: About IHCI
Workforce Singapore (WSG), in partnership with the Singapore Business Federation (SBF), launched the Industry 4.0 Human Capital Initiative (IHCI) in March 2020 to help companies successfully implement and scale i4.0 solutions for business transformation, and put in place a human capital roadmap to upskill workers during the transformation.
Supported by the Economic Development Board (EDB), Enterprise Singapore (ESG), JTC Corporation (JTC) and industry partners, about 90 companies have benefited from the IHCI to date. They received practical recommendations on how to maximise productivity gains and have identified processes where they can potentially achieve up to $60 million in cost savings and increased revenue.
In tandem with leveraging i4.0 technologies, companies also need to ensure their employees have the right skillsets to support this transformation. The adoption of i4.0 processes requires employees to be more highly skilled and to be able to handle complex tasks. This will enhance the attractiveness of careers in the manufacturing industry and in turn, create better job opportunities for Singaporeans.
IHCI’s multi-pronged approach
The IHCI adopts a multi-pronged approach to drive human capital transformation along with i4.0 adoption. The programme starts with the IHCI Self-Help Portal, which helps companies analyse and identify gaps in their human capital practices and digital processes.
It is followed by the eight-week IHCI Enabler Programme where companies are guided by dedicated experts from McKinsey & Company and EY to tackle priority areas such as asset efficiency, labour productivity, inventory optimisation, planning efficiency and quality performance.
Companies can also trial i4.0 technologies on their shop floor and receive customised change management advice, human capital practice assessment, and a phased i4.0 roadmap to better support their workforce during the transformation.